North Korea, Venezuela, Australia: Your Monday Briefing


Prime Minister Shinzo Abe, prodded by a reporter, said his government was not planning to arm itself to carry out pre-emptive strikes on North Korea, but he stopped short of rejecting the idea outright.

Local news media and peace activists were quick to note the contrast between the occasion and Mr. Abe’s remarks.

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Ronaldo Schemidt/Agence France-Presse — Getty Images

In Venezuela, uniformed men released a video calling for a revolt against President Nicolás Maduro.

Around the same time, a military base was attacked near the capital, Caracas, an assault the government said it had repelled. Social media showed small crowds gathered near the military base, above, waving Venezuelan flags and banging pots in support for the rebel forces.

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Bryan Denton for The New York Times

As the United States winds down its costly war in Afghanistan, regional adversaries are muscling in.

Saudi Arabia and Pakistan remain the dominant players, but, as our correspondent writes, Iran is building its influence, aiming to step into the vacuum as foreign forces leave.

“Iran does not want stability here,” an Afghan police officer said.

In the latest violence, dozens of civilians and militia forces were killed in what officials described as an attack by Taliban fighters teamed up with a commander linked to the Islamic State.

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MC2 Sarah Villegas/U.S. Marine Corps, via Reuters

Australia suspended the search for three U.S. Marines missing after their MV-22 Osprey went down off the eastern coast on Saturday.

There were 26 personnel onboard the hybrid aircraft, the U.S. military said, and 23 have been rescued. The cause of the crash is being investigated.

Separately, the Australian police provided details about an elaborate terrorist plot in which two men from Sydney tried to place explosives supplied by the Islamic State on a flight.

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Gilles Sabrie for The New York Times

“If we can get more, we can make more.”

That’s the owner of five ivory carving workshops in China, but he’s not talking about elephant ivory.

The legal importation of mammoth ivory, from creatures that vanished more than 3,600 years ago, has skyrocketed in China to slake an insatiable market’s demand.

Though the trade in mammoth ivory is touted as an ethical alternative, activists fear it could end up providing legal cover for the black-market trade in elephant ivory.

Business

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Minh Uong/The New York Times

Qualcomm, the world’s leading mobile phone chip maker, is just one of the U.S. tech firms providing money, expertise and engineering to China in exchange for access to its market. Washington is looking on with alarm.

• Location is now the question after Toyota and Mazda announced that they will jointly build a $1.6 billion plant in the U.S. that is expected to employ about 4,000 workers.

At a Nissan plant in Mississippi, workers rejected a bid to unionize — a blow to the United Automobile Workers, which accused the Japanese automaker of intimidation.

• And a Times reporter went to the U.S. state of Tennessee where foreign investment has helped drive the jobless rate to a record low.

Here’s a snapshot of global markets.

In the News

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Rahat Dar/European Pressphoto Agency

• Pakistan’s former prime minister, Nawaz Sharif, criticized the Supreme Court verdict that ousted him and said he would rally his supporters. [The New York Times]

• The police in Berlin arrested the two Chinese tourists for snapping photos of each other doing a Hitler salute outside the lower house of Parliament. [The New York Times]

• A Cambodian court sentenced an Australian nurse and two Cambodian associates to 18 months in prison in the country’s first commercial surrogacy trial. [The Phnom Penh Post]

• Singapore expelled a noted American academic, Huang Jing, accusing him of covert efforts to influence Singapore’s foreign policy “in collaboration with foreign intelligence agents.” [The New York Times]

An Indian boxer, Vijender Singh, offered to return the championship belt he won from a Chinese rival, calling it a peace gesture amid the countries’ border standoff. [BBC]

Smarter Living

Tips, both new and old, for a more fulfilling life.

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Family-meal fish tacos.

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Marcus Nilsson for The New York Times

• Four easy ways to save money this week, and more in our weekly newsletter.

• You sense workplace discrimination. Here’s what to do.

• Recipe of the day: Fish tacos with Cajun flavors.

Noteworthy

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Alexei Nikolsky/Sputnik, via Reuters

Spearfishing, mushroom hunting and sunbathing in Siberia. Those are some snapshots from President Vladimir Putin’s summer vacation. Shirts, apparently, were optional.

• Most of Asia, Africa, Europe, Australia and Antarctica will be able to see a partial lunar eclipse on Monday night and early Tuesday morning.

• In memoriam. Richard Dudman, a journalist held over a month by the Vietcong, met Pol Pot and published excerpts from the Pentagon Papers, died at 99.

• And in 2010, students in Shanghai stunned educators after ranking first in international standardized testing. Now, Britain is turning to Chinese math textbooks.

Back Story

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H. O’Neil/Library of Congress

A poem rarely enters the news cycle. Yet it happened last week when Emma Lazarus’s “The New Colossus” was dismissed by a White House adviser during a briefing on immigration policy. He said it was “not actually part of the original Statue of Liberty.”

In 1865, Edouard de Laboulaye, a French abolitionist, proposed the statue’s construction to commemorate the end of slavery in the U.S. But France’s gift did not include a pedestal. To fund one, an art auction, that included Ms. Lazarus’s poem, was held in New York in 1883.

The statue was erected in 1886 without the poem, or its later association as the “Mother of Exiles.” Ms. Lazarus died a year later. In 1903, after a friend’s lobbying, Ms. Lazarus’s words were affixed to the pedestal. A reporter quoted some of them last week: “Give me your tired, your poor, your huddled masses yearning to breathe free.”

When the sonnet was added, the poet James Russell Lowell said it gave the statue “a raison d’être which it wanted before quite as much as it wants a pedestal.”

Esther Schor, a biographer of Ms. Lazarus, put it this way: “Her poem was a prophecy. It isn’t legislation. But it is an ideal.

Evan Gershkovich contributed reporting.

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Correction: Friday’s briefing misspelled the surname of the author of a 1958 New York Times article on sparkling wine. He is Hans Koningsberger, not Konisberger.

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We have briefings timed for the Asian, European and American mornings. You can sign up for these and other Times newsletters here.

Your Morning Briefing is published weekday mornings and updated online.

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